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UK Government doubles number of exceptional talent visas

On 15 November 2017, the Home Office announced that increased number of visas will be made available to leading figures and individuals who show promise in technology, science, art and creative industries.

As part of its ongoing commitment to welcome talented people from across the globe, and in recognition of the importance of these innovative industries to the UK, the number of visas available through the Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) route is increasing from 1,000 to 2,000 a year.

The Government believes that this will ensure that more highly skilled people who enhance the UK’s economy can come to, and work in, this country.

The 2,000 visas will be made available to individuals who are recognised as existing global leaders or promising future leaders in the digital technology, science, arts and creative sectors by 1 of 5 UK endorsing organisations:

  • Tech City UK
  • Arts Council England
  • The British Academy
  • The Royal Society
  • The Royal Academy of Engineering

The current allocations of the 1,000 visas – which are split between the 5 endorsing organisations – will remain and the additional places will be made available across all of the endorsing bodies dependent on need. The government is keen to ensure that all nations and regions of the UK benefit from this change. The Home Office will look at how it can work with organisations across the UK to ensure wider take up of these visas outside London.

This announcement is part of the government’s ongoing reforms to routes to the UK from outside the EU.

Asylum Appeal UK

Appeal in Ukrainian asylum case allowed on human rights grounds

Sterling & Law Associates LLP were successful in the appeal case at the First-Tier Tribunal (Immigration & Asylum Chamber) challenging the Home Office’s refusal of a client’s asylum claim.

The appellant, a citizen of Ukraine, entered the United Kingdom in September 2004. Having spent over twelve years illegally in the UK, he was apprehended by the Immigration Enforcement Officers and arrangements were made for him to leave the country. The appellant claimed asylum under paragraphs 334 and 339C of the Immigration Rules. The appellant claimed to fear persecution for his political involvement and that he would have to undergo military service.

During consideration of the application, the appellant was interviewed by the Home Office on two occasions. The application was then refused on the basis that the respondent was not satisfied that the extent of the appellant’s political involvement was sufficient for him to face serious persecution were he to return to his home country. The Home Office also doubted that the appellant would have to undergo conscription as he was outside the required age limit and he has never served in the military forces in the past. Furthermore, the respondent noted that the appellant had not attempted to seek asylum for over twelve years from the moment of his arrival until he was detained, despite the fact that he always knew his status to be precarious.

Upon consideration of the appeal lodged by Sterling & Law Associates LLP on behalf of the client, the Judge held that the appellant was sincere in his objections to having to perform military service in the Ukraine as well as in his fear of detention and that the evidence provided was credible.

Therefore, the appeal was allowed on human rights grounds (Article 3).

Oksana Demyanchuk, Immigration Lawyer (OISC Level 3), acted on behalf of the client and led the work in this matter.

Brexit EU UK 2019

UK’s proposed administrative procedures for EU citizens obtaining settled status

Today, on 7 November 2017, the Home Office circulated a public update on the administrative procedures underpinning the UK’s proposals for a streamlined application system for EU citizens obtaining settled status.

The text of the Home Office’s circular is quoted below.

“Today, the Government has set out further details of how the new settled status scheme for EU citizens and their family members will operate as the UK leaves the EU.

In a technical document sent to the European Commission as part of the negotiations, the Government reiterates how the new system will be streamlined, low-cost and user-friendly, with EU citizens consulted on its design.

EU citizens applying to stay in the UK after Brexit will have plenty of time, up to two years after the UK has left the EU, to obtain settled status. Those applying to stay in the UK after we leave the EU will not have their applications refused on minor technicalities and caseworkers considering applications will exercise discretion where appropriate. The new system will minimise the documentary evidence required and EU citizens will not be required to provide fingerprints as part of the application process.

Decisions will be based solely on the criteria set out in the Withdrawal Agreement, with no discretion for other reasons for refusal. EU citizens will also be given a statutory right of appeal, in line with their current rights through the Free Movement Directive, if their application is unsuccessful.

The Prime Minister has been clear that safeguarding the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and UK nationals in Europe is the first priority for negotiations and she said last month that an agreement is within touching distance.

Negotiation between the UK and EU is continuing and the next talks will take place this week on 9 and 10 November. We will continue to keep you updated on further progress.”

Bank Account Immigration Status

Bank account closed or refused based on immigration status

On 30 October 2017, the Home Office published a guidance on what to do if your application for an account is declined or if your account is closing because you are in the UK illegally.

Bank Account Refusal

Banks and building societies are required to carry out immigration status checks on people applying for current accounts.

Under the Immigration Act 2014 they must refuse your application for a new current account (or an application to add you as a signatory or identified beneficiary to a new or existing current account) if you are a disqualified person.

You may be disqualified if you are in the UK and need leave to enter or remain (under the Immigration Act 1971) and don’t have leave to be here. This could be because you:

  • never had leave to enter or remain (because you entered the UK illegally)
  • had leave but stayed after it expired or was revoked
  • are an European Economic Area (EEA) national subject to deportation action who has exhausted all rights of appeal

Banks and building societies are not permitted to open or provide access to current accounts for you, under section 40 of the Immigration Act 2014. For the purposes of this document, “access” includes being added as a signatory or an identified beneficiary to a new or existing current account.

Bank Account Closure

Banks and building societies are required to carry out immigration status checks on people who hold current accounts. If you are identified as being disqualified from holding an account, then, under the Immigration Act 2014 the bank or building society must close your accounts (or restrict access where you are a signatory or identified beneficiary, or the account is jointly held with a non-disqualified person).

This is may happen if you are present in the United Kingdom without leave to enter or remain and the Secretary of State for the Home Department considers you should not be provided with access to banking services.

The Secretary of State can notify your bank or building society that it is under an obligation to close an account operated by or for you in accordance with section 40G of the Immigration Act 2014 (as amended by the Immigration Act 2016). For these purposes, an account is operated by or for you if you are the account holder or a signatory or identified as a beneficiary in relation to the account.

If you are not the only account holder If you hold this account with another person who is lawfully present in the UK, your bank or building society may have taken steps to prevent you from operating the account, instead of closing it. The Immigration Act 2014 does not prevent banks and building societies from providing banking services to individuals who are lawfully present in the UK. Other account holders should contact the bank or building society directly to discuss their situation.

The Home Office has the power under the Immigration Act 2014 to apply for a freezing order in relation to current accounts for disqualified persons.

Complaints & Queries

If a bank or building society refuses your application for a current account or closes your current account under the Immigration Act 2014, you must be notified of the particular reasons.

If you believe there has been a mistake, the Home Office suggests contacting the Complaints Allocation Hub the Home Office with evidence of your lawful immigration status. If you have a right to be in the UK, the Home Office will change your details so you can re-apply to open a current account or re-open your existing account.

Complaints Allocation Hub 
UK Visas and Immigration
20 Wellesley Road
7th Floor
Lunar House


Phone: 0300 123 2241

Alternatively, general correspondence can be submitted to:

Direct Communications
Unit Home Office
2 Marsham Street

Legal Assistance

If you need assistance with confirmation of your immigration status or have experienced any issues with your bank accounts, Sterling & Law Associates LLP will be able to provide full representations.

Please contact us by e-mail or phone: 020 7822 8535.

Appointments with our immigration advisers can be also booked online.

UK Immigration applications visa

Update for Tier 2 Sponsors Relating to In Country Applications

From 20 September 2017, the Biometric Enrolment Letter (BEL) for all sponsored workers will automatically be created when they complete their online application.

This change applies to workers applying for further leave in the Tier 2 General, Creative and Sporting and Ministers of Religion standard and priority postal applications.

The UK employers should note that their sponsored workers will be able to access and print the BEL at the same time as their document checklist. They must then take their BEL to the Post Office to give their biometric information.

The sponsors (employers) should make their workers aware of the change and encourage the workers to enrol their biometrics and post their supporting documents swiftly.

Travel Documents - UK Immigration Rules -

Travelling Abroad with Refugee Travel Document: Visa Requirements and Restrictions

The holders of the Refugee Travel Document issued under the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees can travel visa free to many countries all over the world. However, many counties changed their internal policies and now require the Refugee Travel Document holders to obtain visas even for short-term tourist visits.

The travellers should always check the visa requirement of the country of their destination prior to the trip. Also, a valid UK residence permit confirming their refugee status in the UK must be taken for the overseas trips with the Travel Document.

The following countries require visas for the visitors with the Refugee Travel Document issued under the 1951 UN Convention:

  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Brazil
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Dominican Republic
  • Estonia
  • Georgia
  • Hungary
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of Korea)
  • Macedonia
  • Montenegro
  • Poland
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • USA

The following countries DO NOT require visas for the visitors with the Refugee Travel Document issued under the 1951 UN Convention:

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Iceland
  • Kosovo
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Trinidad and Tobago (only for nationals of countries entitled to visa free entry) *
  • Vatican

List of Countries that DO NOT ALLOW ENTRANCE for the visitors with the Refugee Travel Document issued under the 1951 UN Convention:

  • UAE – Dubai
  • Qatar – Doha

This list is subject to changes so please check information on the visa requirements before your travel arrangements.

Brexit EU residents

Permanent Residence Card after Brexit

Since the EU Referendum in the UK, there are many questions that still wait for an answer. Some of the biggest questions, with regard to immigration, come from European Union citizens living in the United Kingdom.

Before the referendum, their status was clear and there was little confusion with regard to their rights. There was simply no document requirement to confirm the residence in the United Kingdom. This was a situation of stability and predictability. As a consequence, many European citizens did not carefully consider the full implications of their immigration status. However, the situation has changed significantly. Now, European citizens pay more attention to their status. There are a number of various factors that determined this change, which include the political rhetoric presented by the media and the mixed signals and information about the Brexit negotiations. In this uncertain climate, many European citizens who wish to remain in the United Kingdom after Brexit considered that their best option would be to get the residence permit. Obviously, not all of them fulfilled the requirements to do so, but the individuals that do are faced with a difficult decision that may have consequences that they cannot currently take into account.

Firstly, European citizens currently living in the United Kingdom fall into many categories. This means that each and every situation needs to be considered on a case by case basis. However, for the individuals who already took the important step of getting their permanent residence document, the Home Office took an all encompassing approach by stating on its website that the permanent residence document will not be valid after exiting the European Union. Whilst at a first glance this approach is clear and simple, it raises issues of uncertainty, on the one hand for the European citizens who are considering applying for their permanent residence document and on the other hand for the European citizens who already have this document. On the one hand, for the former, this short statement gives rise to more questions than answers, encouraging them to think twice if the effort of applying for the permanent residence document is worth it. Mainly, the statement represents a disincentive for this first category and may be an attempt of the Home Office to minimise the number of applicants before Brexit. However, the statement does not have the automatic effect of European citizens suddenly stopping from applying for their permanent residence document. On the other hand, for the latter, it raises questions of what do they need to do, in order to maintain their immigration status.

Secondly, in order to fully understand the approach presented by the Home Office, one has to have a better understanding the effects of the European Union Withdrawal Bill on the permanent residence document. First of all, this document is issued by the Secretary of State through the power conferred to them through a British statutory instrument (Regulation 19 of the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016) meaning that this power does not flow from the European law. Second of all, Clause 2 of the European Union Withdrawal Bill is clear that British legislation derived from the European Union will continue to have effect after exit day.

EU-derived domestic legislation, as it has effect in domestic law immediately before exit day, continues to have effect in domestic law on and after exit day.

Therefore, it follows that after the exit day, the permanent residence document will not automatically become invalid. However, this may be the case if another piece of legislation extinguishing the permanent residence cards is enacted. Moreover, it should be taken into account that the topic of residence of European citizens in the United Kingdom and British citizens in European Union Member States is an important part of the negotiations between the two.

This means that such changes are a possibility and one that is almost impossible to predict. One would simply have to wait and see what the outcome of the negotiations is. Furthermore, the full effects of these negotiations on the European Union Withdrawal Bill are still to be determined. There is a possibility, that Clause 2 mentioned above may be amended, but there is also a greater possibility of the clause being enacted as it is.

Lastly, on the premise of the above, one may consider the significant level of uncertainty arising from the negotiations and the enactment of the European Union Withdrawal Bill. That being said, the British government has stated that for all those who have obtained their permanent residence card, there will be a streamlined process.

For those who have already obtained a certificate of their permanent residence, we will seek to make sure that the application process for settled status is as streamlined as possible.

This may mean that they will be part of a special scheme for obtaining the settled status. If this will be the case, such a scheme will be of great benefit in obtaining the settled status for those who already have the permanent residence card. Obviously, such a scheme is still to be implemented and the details, the level of streamlining are yet to be determined. Nevertheless, it represents a good possibility to have an easier process in obtaining the settled status.

In conclusion, there are many questions with regard to the immigration status of the European Union citizens in the United Kingdom that await an answer, there is a level of uncertainty and unpredictability.  That being said, it is a safer option to apply and get the permanent residence card before Brexit.

Prime Minister Brexit

Prime Minister pledges to secure simple process to swap current EU Permanent Residence status for UK settled status

Today, on 19 October 2017, ahead of the EU Council meeting, Theresa May wrote directly to EU citizens in the UK. In her message, the Prime Minister pledged to make it as easy as possible for EU citizens to remain in the UK after Brexit. She insisted that the application process for settled status in the UK would be “streamlined” and the cost “as low as possible”. For any EU citizen who holds Permanent Residence status under the current EU regulations, there will be a simple process introduced to swap their current status for the UK settled status.

Full text of the Prime Minister’s message is quoted below.

“As I travel to Brussels today, I know that many people will be looking to us – the leaders of the 28 nations in the European Union – to demonstrate we are putting people first.

I have been clear throughout this process that citizens’ rights are my first priority. And I know my fellow leaders have the same objective: to safeguard the rights of EU nationals living in the UK and UK nationals living in the EU.

I want to give reassurance that this issue remains a priority, that we are united on the key principles, and that the focus over the weeks to come will be delivering an agreement that works for people here in the UK, and people in the EU.

When we started this process, some accused us of treating EU nationals as bargaining chips. Nothing could have been further from the truth. EU citizens who have made their lives in the UK have made a huge contribution to our country. And we want them and their families to stay. I couldn’t be clearer: EU citizens living lawfully in the UK today will be able to stay.

But this agreement will not only provide certainty about residence, but also healthcare, pensions and other benefits. It will mean that EU citizens who have paid into the UK system – and UK nationals into the system of an EU27 country – can benefit from what they’ve put in. It will enable families who have built their lives together in the EU and UK to stay together. And it will provide guarantees that the rights of those UK nationals currently living in the EU, and EU citizens currently living in the UK will not diverge over time.

What that leaves us with is a small number of important points to finalise.  That is to be expected at this point in negotiations. We are in touching distance of agreement.  I know both sides will consider each other’s proposals for finalising the agreement with an open mind. And with flexibility and creativity on both sides, I am confident that we can conclude discussions on citizens’ rights in the coming weeks.

I know there is real anxiety about how the agreement will be implemented. People are concerned that the process will be complicated and bureaucratic, and will put up hurdles that are difficult to overcome. I want to provide reassurance here too.

We are developing a streamlined digital process for those applying for settled status in the UK in the future. This process will be designed with users in mind, and we will engage with them every step of the way.  We will keep the cost as low as possible – no more than the cost of a UK passport. The criteria applied will be simple, transparent and strictly in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement.  People applying will not have to account for every trip they have taken in and out of the UK and will no longer have to demonstrate Comprehensive Sickness Insurance as they currently have to under EU rules.

And importantly, for any EU citizen who holds Permanent Residence under the old scheme, there will be a simple process put in place to swap their current status for UK settled status.

To keep development of the system on track, the Government is also setting up a User Group that will include representatives of EU citizens in the UK, and digital, technical and legal experts. This group will meet regularly, ensuring the process is transparent and responds properly to users’ needs. And we recognise that British nationals living in the EU27 will be similarly concerned about potential changes to processes after the UK leaves the EU.  We have repeatedly flagged these issues during the negotiations. And we are keen to work closely with EU Member States to ensure their processes are equally streamlined.

We want people to stay and we want families to stay together. We hugely value the contributions that EU nationals make to the economic, social and cultural fabric of the UK. And I know that Member States value equally UK nationals living in their communities. I hope that these reassurances, alongside those made by both the UK and the European Commission last week, will provide further helpful certainty to the four million people who were understandably anxious about what Brexit would mean for their futures.”

Brexit EU citizens rights

Safeguarding the status of citizens: negotiation update from the Home Office

On 13 October 2017, the Home Office circulated an update following the fifth round of the negotiation between the EU and UK.

Full text of the circular: 

“We are closer to agreeing all elements of the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and the reciprocal rights of UK citizens living in the EU – but there is more discussion required.

On key issues, such as the broad framework of residence rights for EU citizens and their family members, social security entitlements and reciprocal healthcare, the UK and EU have largely reached agreement.

On remaining areas, both the UK and EU are focussing on providing certainty for citizens as quickly as possible. Discussions this week have narrowed the focus to the key remaining issues for negotiations.

The UK has also provided further information on its settled status scheme to be introduced next year. It will be streamlined, digital and low cost. As we have said previously, you do not need a document now to prove that you are resident in the UK.

For those who already have EU permanent residence documents the process will be very straightforward, with greatly reduced or zero cost to applicants to update their status under the new scheme.

The talks also explored ways to fulfil the Prime Minister’s commitment to implement the Withdrawal Treaty fully into UK law, ensuring consistent interpretation through UK courts being able to take into account CJEU judgements.

We want to reach agreement on all areas as soon as we can, providing certainty for citizens.

The EU Council is meeting next week to discuss whether or not there has been sufficient progress in the current talks to move onto discussion of wider issues. Whatever the EU Council’s decision, safeguarding the status of EU citizens in the UK and UK nationals in the EU will remain a priority for the UK. As the Prime Minister said this week, “we want you to stay”.

Our negotiating position continues to be based on the proposal we outlined in June: safeguarding the position of EU citizens in the UK and UK nationals in the EU, withupdates provided as the negotiations progress.”

Brexit EU residents

Karta Rezydenta Stałego po Brexicie?

Od czasu referendum w sprawie Brexitu pozostaje wiele pytań, które wciąż pozostają bez odpowiedzi. Niektóre z tych pytań dotyczą obywateli Unii Europejskiej zamieszkujących Zjednoczone Królestwo i ich statusu, który przed referendum był zrozumiały. Tak naprawdę, wiele obywateli przed referendum nie wiedziało, ani też nie potrzebowało starać się o udokumentowanie swojego pobytu w Wielkiej Brytanii. Wskutek tego wielu obywateli europejskich nie rozważyło pełnych implikacji swojego statusu imigracyjnego. Sytuacja uległa jednak znacznej zmianie po referendum. Teraz obywatele Unii Europejskiej (UE) zwracają większą uwagę na ich status. Istnieje wiele czynników determinujących tę zmianę, w tym retorykę polityczną reprezentowaną przez media. W tym niepewnym klimacie wielu obywateli UE, którzy chcą pozostać w Wielkiej Brytanii po Brexicie, uznała, że najlepszym rozwiązaniem byłoby uzyskanie dokumentu potwierdzającego stałą rezydenturę, tzw. rezydentura stała. Oczywiście, nie wszyscy obywatele spełniają wymogi na stałą rezydenturę, jednak Ci którzy spełniają te wymagania nie wiedzą czy warto jest aplikować na rezydenturę stałą.

Więc jak to tak naprawdę jest?

Po pierwsze, obywatele UE żyjący obecnie w Zjednoczonym Królestwie dzielą się na wiele kategorii. Oznacza to, że każda sytuacja musi być rozpatrywana indywidualnie. Jednak w przypadku osób, które podjęły ważny krok w celu uzyskania dokumentu potwierdzającego stałą rezydenturę, Home Office podjął nie lada kroki aby ich do tego zniechęcić umieszczając na swojej stronie internetowej, że karta stałego rezydenta nie będzie ważna po wyjściu z Unii Europejskiej.

If you already have a permanent residence document it won’t be valid after the UK leaves the EU.

Chociaż na pierwszy rzut oka podejście to jest jasne i zrozumiałe, rodzi pewne niewiadome, z jednej strony dla obywateli, którzy rozważają ubieganie się o kartę stałego pobytu, a z drugiej strony obywateli, którzy mają już ten dokument. Ta krótka wypowiedź Home Office na pewno rodzi więcej pytań niż odpowiedzi, zachęcając obywateli UE do dwukrotnego przemyślenia, czy naprawdę warto starać się o kartę stałego pobytu. Stwierdzenie Home Office raczej zniechęca do ubiegania się o kartę stałego pobytu i jest raczej próbą zminimalizowania liczby aplikacji przed Brexitem, ponieważ najprościej na świecie Home Office nie może poradzić sobie ze wszystkimi aplikacjami jakie do nich napływają.

Po drugie, aby w pełni zrozumieć podejście przedstawione przez Home Office, trzeba lepiej zrozumieć Ustawę o wyjściu z Unii Europejskiej (European Union Withdrawal Bill) i jej efekt na dokumencie potwierdzającym stałą rezydenturę. Przede wszystkim ten dokument jest wydawany przez Sekretarza Stanu poprzez uprawnienia przyznane im przez brytyjski akt ustawowy (Regulation 19 of the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016), co oznacza, że ta moc nie wypływa z prawa europejskiego. Po drugie, klauzula 2 uchwały o wyjściu z Unii Europejskiej mówi jasno, że brytyjskie ustawodawstwo pochodzące z prawa unijnego będzie nadal obowiązywać po wyjściu Wielkiej Brytanii z UE.

Ustawodawstwo krajowe pochodzące z UE, które ma zastosowanie do prawa krajowego bezpośrednio przed dniem wyjścia, w dalszym ciągu ma zastosowanie do prawa krajowego w i po dniu wyjścia.

Wynika z tego, że po dniu wyjścia dokument potwierdzający stałą rezydenturę nie zostanie automatycznie unieważniony. Jednakże, to może mieć miejsce jeśli zostanie wydany inny akt prawny, który odbierze mu te prawa. Ponadto należy wziąć pod uwagę, że temat pobytu obywateli UE w Wielkiej Brytanii i obywateli brytyjskich w państwach członkowskich UE jest ważną częścią negocjacji. Oznacza to, że takie zmiany są możliwe, ale kierunek tych negocjacji jest niemożliwy do przewidzenia. Niestety, trzeba uzbroić się w cierpliwość i poczekać na rezultaty tych negocjacji. Ponadto nadal należy określić pełne skutki tych negocjacji w sprawie wyjścia Wielkiej Brytanii z Unii Europejskiej. Istnieje możliwość, że wymieniona klauzula 2 zostanie zmieniona, ale istnieje również bardziej prawdopodobna możliwość, iż ta klauzula pozostanie w swojej teraźniejszej formie.

Na podstawie powyższego, jest wiele niewiadomych wynikający z negocjacji w sprawie Brexitu i uchwaleniem ustawy o wyjściu z Unii Europejskiej. Jednakże rząd przy swoim stwierdzeniu, że karty stałego rezydenta nie będą ważne po Brexicie, stwierdził zarazem, że obywatele, którzy posiadają już tą kartę, będą miały ułatwiony proces aplikacji na status ‘osoby osiedlonej’ (settled status).

Może to oznaczać, że karty stałego rezydenta będą częścią specjalnego procesu uzyskiwania statusu ‘osoby osiedlonej’. W takim przypadku posiadanie karty stałego rezydenta będzie korzystne. Oczywiście taki system nadal ma zostać wdrożony, a szczegóły, i poziom usprawnienia nie został jeszcze określony. Niemniej jednak posiadanie karty rezydenta stałego ułatwi proces uzyskania statusu osoby osiedlonej. Sam status ‘osoby osiedlonej’ i jego legalne implikacje pozostawiają wiele do życzenia..

Podsumowując, istnieje wiele kwestii dotyczących statusu imigracyjnego obywateli Unii Europejskiej w Wielkiej Brytanii, które pozostają bez odpowiedzi. Najbezpieczniejsza opcją jest aplikacja na kartę stałego rezydenta, ponieważ na pewno karta ta pomoże w przeszłości.

Jeśli masz jakiekolwiek pytania odnośnie rezydentury stałej czy obywatelstwa skontaktuj się z Angeliką pod numerem 020 7822 1866 lub email