Author: Sterling Law

Residence Card granted to an Extended Family Member of EEA National after appeal

Sterling Law represented a client from Turkmenistan who made an application for a Residence Card as the unmarried partner of an EEA national who was exercising Treaty Rights in the UK. 

The Home Office refused the application and under Regulation 36(3)(b)(ii) of the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016, the Home Office did not give our client a right of appeal. However, despite the same and in light of the case of Case C-89/17 Banger, Mr Shakir Hussain from our offices contended that our client did have a right of appeal. After considerable correspondence between the Court and Sterling Law, our client’s matter was listed for hearing. At the hearing the first issue was one of jurisdiction because of Regulation 36(3)(b)(ii), however due to our thorough preparation, the Judge accepted jurisdiction and allowed our client’s appeal. 

This was a particularly difficult appeal because the Home Office have explicitly set out in the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 that unmarried partners of EEA nationals do not have a right of appeal. These cases can be very complex and thus we always advise our clients to seek expert legal advice when facing such matters. 

 

Shakir Hussain, Senior Solicitor

Email: shakir@sterling-law.co.uk

Phone: +44 (0) 20 7822 8535

 

 

UK Immigration & Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0) 20 7822 8599, Mobile / Viber: +44 (0) 73 0584 8477, e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.

The First-tier Tribunal allowed appeal on the spot

Clients of Sterling Law received amazing news as the First-tier Tribunal allowed their appeal on the spot. 

The successful outcome was possible because of experience and dedication of Oksana Demyanchuk and her team. 

The clients were nationals of Uzbekistan and had come to the UK to study. While in the UK, the clients had children and overstayed their visas. 

The clients approached Sterling Law to submit an application for leave on the basis of family and private life. 

Sterling Law lodged and appeal after Home Office refused the initial application. Oksana evidenced that such a refusal breaches the UK’s obligations under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (It deals with family and private life.)

Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights reads as follows:

Right to respect for private and family life

1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence.

2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others

Oksana Demyanchuk and Michael Carter prepared the appeal bundle. On the basis of the evidence it contained, the Judge allowed the appeal. 

The Tribunal found that it would be unreasonable for the children to leave to the UK and return to a country of which they have no knowledge.

Accordingly, the appeal was allowed under the European Human Rights Convention.

What is most remarkable about this case, is that the Judge made this decision at the hearing. This was only possible because of the strength of evidence Sterling Law provided.

Should you have any questions regarding family and private life applications in the UK, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Oksana and Michael will also be able to provide a free assessment of your personal circumstances. 

 

Oksana Demyanchuk

Email: oksana@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

Michael Carter

Email: michael@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

 

 

UK Immigration & Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0) 20 7822 8599, Mobile / Viber: +44 (0) 73 0584 8477, e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.

Family member of an EEA national: Residence Card

Delays in issuing a residence card to a family member of an EEA national exercising their treaty rights in the UK is a frequent problem. Immigration practitioners often face a situation when the Home Office takes more than six months to make a decision. 

Despite there is a directive (2004/38) requiring the decision within the six month period, this is not always the case. 

Such delays can negatively affect job and education opportunities, as well as family life. 

But what is the sanction against the Home Office for the delay? The CJEU takes a reference from a Belgian Court and states that the sanction for the delay is according to the national law. 

The Judgement and Facts

Article 10 (1) of Directive 2004/38/ states that a decision to grant a residence card to a family member of EEA national has to be made within the six month period.

The case concerned a third county national – Mr Diallo, a Belgium resident. He applied for a residence card on the basis of being a family member of his EU national child. 

The Belgian authorities took negative decision 5 months and 28 days after the application, and Mr Diallo appealed. The authorities adopted the new decision a month and a half later, after Mr Diallo appealed. 

The Belgian court then adopted a new decision a month and a half later rejecting Mr Diallo’s application. The court stated that he had failed to provide sufficient evidence. For example, his resources and that the child was dependent on him. Mr Diallo appealed again. 

The Reasoning 

The Court of Justice of the European Union confirmed the following:

The state authorities must reach a decision within 6 months. This is irrespective of whether it is positive or negative. 

Under the Belgian law, a failure of state authority to make a decision within the six months entitles the applicant for an automatic issue of the residence card. The court found that, it would be contrary to the requirements of the Directive 2004/38 to issue a residence card to a person who does not fulfill the necessary requirements. 

CJEU stated that in order to derive a right of entry and residence from a family member who is a EU national, Mr Diallo should show that he is dependent on his child who is a Dutch resident. 

The court also noted that if a decision is annulled (as what happened in Mr Diallo’s case) the state cannot restart the six months time process again from the start.  

The Directive remains silent on sanctions for failure to determine the relevant time period. CJEU held that the principle of effectiveness applies.

The court stated that the new six month period would

‘render excessively difficult the exercise of the right of the family member of Union citizen’

and therefore is not acceptable. 

Source: ILPA European Update

 

UK Immigration & Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0) 20 7822 8599, Mobile / Viber: +44 (0) 73 0584 8477, e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.

Debt and Money Claims in the UK

Debt and Money Claims: personal or on behalf of businesses, whether you are pursuing or defending

We are accustomed to recovering money or defending claims for monetary sums on behalf of our clients.

Unfortunately, the fact that it is not possible to recover hardly any legal costs in cases in ‘small claims’ cases  means that it may not be worth instructing us unless, practically, the dispute involves a sum of at least £6,000.

Having said that, sometimes our clients want to pursue their debtor as a matter of principle, even if the net sum recovered for them is a small proportion of the total sum that was due. That is entirely understandable.

Not all debt claims end in success. There is often a lot of frustration along the way. The lawyer’s job is very difficult. But often, we are very successful.

Sterling Law have concluded a settlement in a case where we had been acting for an architect who had been dealing with a company in the building trade. Several of our client company’s invoices totaling almost £9,000 over the early part of 2018 had remained unpaid for 5-6 months, despite repeated demands for payment. The debtor had just completely ‘blanked’ our client.

We have now received the final instalment in payment from the debtor company in this case, against whom we obtained judgment. This has been paid to our client, the creditor company. Of course our client’s director has expressed his delight at the outcome. 

Judgement-in-Default

The defendant, despite being a highly qualified professional, ignored our two ‘letters before action.’ He then ignored our issue of the court proceedings. We then obtained ‘judgement-in-default’ against his company. He then sprung into action when was threatened to face enforcement of the judgement. Various excuses were made, including blaming his accountants for not receiving the letters and court papers on time, even though they were sent to the correct registered office of the company. Ultimately, the director threatened that he would dissolve his company unless we accepted half the sum due, in full and final settlement.

We were not going to be fobbed off by this nonsense and advised our client accordingly. We had no reason to believe that the defendant company was on the verge of insolvency, and if it was so, we questioned why the director had half the sum sitting in his bank account, available to be paid immediately.

Ultimately, we obtained agreement for half the debt under the judgement to be paid immediately (which it duly was, this week), and for the second half next month.

Our client was delighted with the result; a combination of litigation and tough negotiation achieved a great result. If we had merely launched into enforcing the judgment, it would have taken much longer to obtain the money and costs (payable by our client and not all recoverable from the other side) would have been higher.

If you have a dispute upon which you need advice, please contact us. We can either represent you in court or just provide advice at an initial consultation.

Please contact Kuldeep S. Clair, Consultant Solicitor and Advocate, directly:

Email: Kuldeep@sterlinglawyers.co.uk

Mobile: 07484 614090

Tel. 020 7822 8599

NHS Immigration Health Surcharge will increase to £400 a year from December 2018

On 11 October 2018, the Home Office laid an order before Parliament in accordance with section 38 of the Immigration Act 2014, ‘The Immigration (Health Charge) (Amendment) Order 2018’  seeking to double the NHS immigration health surcharge paid by temporary migrants to the UK.

The surcharge will rise from £200 to £400 per year. The discounted rate for students and those on the Youth Mobility Scheme will increase from £150 to £300.

The increase is set to come into effect in December 2018 subject to Parliamentary approval.

The annual charge is paid by people from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) who are seeking to live in the UK for 6 months or more to work, study or join family.

The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) estimates that the NHS spends £470 on average per person per year on treating surcharge payers. Projections suggest that the increased charges may provide around £220m extra every year, with this money going to NHS services.

Current NHS Immigration Health Surcharge Requirements

Some immigration applications are subject to the payment of the immigration health surcharge (IHS).

The applicants who are making immigration application online or through a premium service centre, have to pay the IHS as part of the application or when booking an appointment.

If application is made by post, healthcare surcharge is paid online before the application is sent (the IHS reference number must be indicated in the application form).

Amount of NHS Immigration Health Surcharge

  • £150 per year for a student or Tier 5 (Youth Mobility Scheme) visa, eg £300 for a 2-year visa
  • £200 per year for all other visa and immigration applications, eg £1,000 for a 5-year visa
  • Dependants usually need to pay the same amount as the main applicants.

Only half of the yearly amount should be paid if the application includes part of a year that is less than 6 months. The migrant will have to pay for a whole year if the application includes part of a year that is more than 6 months.

Asylum Appeal of a Member of LGBT Community Allowed by First-Tier Tribunal

Yet more success for our leading immigration lawyer Oksana Demyanchuk and her team. The First-Tier Tribunal allowed asylum appeal for a member of LGBT community.

The Client was a national of Russia and claimed asylum in the UK on the basis of the sexual orientation. The client was a member of the LGBT+ community and feared returning to Russia due to persecution from the state and society. 

Therefore, the client sought to claim asylum as a member of a particular social group. This is one of five categories that allow to claim refugee status. The other four being race, religion, nationality, and political opinion. 

Particular social group has been defined as having an innate immutable characteristic.

For example, sex or ethnicity, or sexual orientation. It can also have an immutable characteristic that is not innate but is unalterable for other reasons. These includes historical facts of a past association, occupation, or status. It can also be a characteristic that is so fundamental to human dignity that nobody can require a person to change it.

Asylum Refusal & Appeal

The Home Office initially refused the application. Oksana Demyanchuk and Michael Carter lodged an appeal against the decision.

They stated that the decision of the Home Office breached the UK’s obligations under the Refugee Convention and the European Convention on Human Rights. 

The evidence Oksana and Michael put forward served as the basis for the decision.

The Judge found that:

«Given the lack of toleration of same-sex relationships, as evidenced […] it does in my view amount to a significant barrier to a person in a same-sex relationship, to continue life in an integrated fashion in a society where such relationships are simply not accepted”. 

It was for these reasons that the Judge found that the Appellant qualifies for leave to remain under Article 8. In particular through paragraph 276 ADE (1) (VI) of the Immigration Rules as there are significant obstacles to Appellant’s re-integration into Russia.

Accordingly, the Tribunal allowed the appeal under the Human Rights Convention. 

Should you have any questions regarding claiming asylum in the UK, or would like a free assessment of your particular personal circumstances, please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Oksana Demyanchuk

Email: oksana@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

Michael Carter

Email: michael@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

 

UK Immigration & Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0) 20 7822 8599, Mobile / Viber: +44 (0) 73 0584 8477, e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.

Guide: What to expect during premium service appointment at Home Office (Croydon)

If you are already in the United Kingdom, you have an option to apply with your immigration application to the Home Office in person at a premium service (same day) centre to:

  • extend your stay (visa) – limited leave to remain
  • settle permanently (indefinite leave to remain)

Here is a brief outline of the procedure that all applicants have to pass through at the Premium Service Centre of the Home Office in Croydon. The process will take the following stages.

Premium Service Restrictions

There is a number of cases when the premium service cannot be used and we recommend to double check whether your particular application can be reviewed by the Home Office at the premium service centre on the same day.

For example, you cannot use the premium service if application is made under Tier 1 (Investor) visa category. Other cases when the premium service cannot be used can be found on this page.

Preparation for the appointment

Please make sure you complete and sign the application form and bring it to your appointment. You will also need to print our booking confirmation and checklist, and bring your supporting documents. Make sure have certified translations of any documents that are not in English or Welsh.

You should also bring photocopies of your documents, as this will help speed up the application process.

Step 1: Arrival at Croydon Premium Service Centre

You must arrive to the Home Office Premium Service Centre 15 minutes before your appointment for a security check.

Address: 

Lunar House
40 Wellesley Road
Croydon
CR9 2BY

After the security check on the ground floor, you must report to the reception desk on the 3d floor.

Step 2: Reception (3d floor)

It is recommended to report to the reception desk not earlier than 10 minutes before the time of your appointment. At the reception desk all applicants have to provided completed application form together
all necessary supporting documents for your visa application.

At this stage the basic checks are done on the application to ensure it is ready for the Case Registration Officer. These checks consist of ensuring the application form is signed/valid, payment has been made, and that passport/visa information is available.

Once these checks have been done, you will be given a ticket number and advised to have a seat in the customer waiting area on the same 3d floor and listen out for your ticket number to be called on the automated system.

Step 3: Case Registration

Once your ticket number has been called please proceed to the relevant counter on the same 3d floor.

At this stage, the officers will upload your application onto immigration databases and you will be asked to arrange your supporting documentation for your application/photocopies in preparation for the Immigration Caseworker to review.

Once completed, you will be asked to take a seat and listen out for your ticket number to be called again.

Step 4: Biometric Enrollment

When your ticket number is called, you should proceed with all documents through the glass door at the end of the the room to the relevant counter. Biometrics consist of submitting your fingerprints, a signature and a photograph but the process will vary slightly for children under the age of 16. The biometrics you submitted will then be verified against immigration/police databases.

This process will takes less than 5 minutes. It doesn’t involve any ink or mess.

Then the Biometric Officer will take all your documents and pass them to the Immigration Caseworker for consideration and decision making.

After this stage you can either stay in the building in the waiting area or to go outside for a short time. If you wish to go outside, please make sure your leave your mobile phone number with the Biometric Enrolment Officer and keep your phone switched on so the immigration officers can reach you.

Step 5: Case Allocation and Consideration

Your application and supporting documents will be allocated to a Immigration Caseworker and a decision is normally made on the application during the day. The time for consideration varies depending on the type of the application, personal circumstances of the applicant and workload of the Immigration Officers at the premium service centre.

Step 6: Return of Documents

Once the decision is made, you will be called to collect your documents and application decision letter.

If your application has been approved, a BRP card would have already been ordered by the Immigration Caseworker and you can expect to receive it via nominated courier service within the next 10 working days.

If your application has been refused, the Immigration Caseworker will explain the reasons why.

Same Day Decision

As a Premium  Service Centre it aims to provide a SAME DAY DECISION to all applications. However, please note that under certain circumstances it may not be possible for the Immigration Caseworkers to make a same day decision. This can happen in case:

  • Home Office requires further documentation or information from the applicant in order to make a decision
  • Further checks are required or pending
  • IT issues are preventing the Home Office from making a decision.

If the Home Office is not able to make a same day decision, you will be notified of this as soon as practically possible.

UK Immigration Updates

UK VISA PREMIUM SERVICE RESTRICTIONS
UK Visa Requirements: Who needs a visa to enter or transit the UK 
UK VISA FEES EFFECTIVE FROM 6 APRIL 2018
REQUIREMENTS FOR INDEFINITE LEAVE TO REMAIN ON THE BASIS OF LONG RESIDENCE IN THE UK
LONG RESIDENCE APPEAL SUCCESSFUL IN THE UPPER TRIBUNAL
BREXIT UPDATE: EU SETTLEMENT SCHEME COMEs INTO FORCE ON 28 AUGUST 2018
COURT OF JUSTICE RULES THAT SURINDER SINGH APPLIES TO EXTENDED FAMILY MEMBERS
New Fees: British Passport Applications
How to Apply for British Passport Online 
Apostille and Document Certification in London
Employment Rights in the UK

Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular case and relevant immigration law requirements, please contact our immigration lawyers on tel. +44(0)20 7822 8535, mobile: 07305848477 or by e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.

Leave to Remain granted after 20 years of continuous residence

A remarkable result for our leading immigration lawyer Oksana Demyanchuk and her team. They successfully handled an application under paragraph 276ADE (1) (iii) of the Immigration Rules. The client was granted Leave to remain. 

This Paragraph allows those who have resided in the UK for a period of 20 years continuously to receive  leave in the UK. However, the difficulty for many Applicants is one of evidence. 

 Due to the meticulous and thorough work of Oksana Demyanchuk and her team, this was not an issue for a client of Sterling Law. Home Office approved the application at the first instances.

The Home Office granted leave to remain to the client noting that “we are satisfied that you meet the requirements of paragraphs 276ADE (1) of these Rules”. 

Oksana and her team demonstrated that the Applicant had been in the UK for a period of 20 years continuously. They also evidenced that the Applicant would face very significant obstacles to their integration into their home country. 

This was a fantastic result for Oksana Demyanchuk and her team! More importantly, after 20 years of uncertainty the client now has leave to remain in the UK.

Should you have any questions regarding applications under paragraph 276ADE of the Immigration Rules, or would like a free assessment of you particular personal circumstances, please do not hesitate to contact us. 

 

Oksana Demyanchuk

Email: oksana@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

Michael Carter

Email: michael@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

Solomiya Boyar

E-mail: solomiya@sterling-law.co.uk

Tel. 020 7822 8535

 

 

UK Immigration Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0)20 7822 8535, Mobile / Viber: +447463382838, or via our online appointment booking form.

Vacancy: Chief Technology Officer (CTO) – Russian/Ukrainian speaker, London

Sterling Law Group is looking for a Chief Technology Officer (CTO) to provide technical leadership in all aspects of our business.

Strategic thinking and strong IT knowledge are essential in this role. We expect a candidate to be well-versed in current technological trends and familiar with a variety of business concepts.

Responsibilities:

  • Knowing the legal tech market, keeping up with emerging trends
  • Responsible for ensuring high level of usability and positive user experiences
  • Provide deskside technical support to all staff of the firm including troubleshooting hardware and software issues
  • Install software applications and perform system upgrades to desktop and laptop computers
  • Coordinate the day to day operational IT activities including new hire set up, audio and video conference presentations, office moves, departures
  • Work with the management and other departments of the firm to handle confidential matters, personal data and cyber security issues; Build quality assurance and data protection processes
  • Work with the management and other departments to use new technologies to streamline company policies and rules
  • Uses technological assets to help ease use for employees and clients
  • Implement and monitor security measures for communication systems, networks, and provide advice that systems and personnel adhere to established security standards and Governmental requirements for security on these systems
  • Conduct research to improve the technological assets of a company, evaluate new technology and makes recommendations on technological solutions
  • Identifies competitive advantages and technological trends for the benefit of a company
  • Directs the development and possible implementation of policies in instances of a breach, also known as disaster recovery plans
  • Managing 3rd party suppliers
  • Help departments use technology profitably
  • Supervise system infrastructure to ensure functionality and efficiency
  • Monitor KPIs and IT budgets to assess technological performance

Required skills & qualifications:

  • BSc/BA in Computer Science, Engineering or a related field
  • At least 2 years of related work experience
  • Must have knowledge of legal technology, ideally from law firm; legal tech consultancy; or legal software supplier
  • Advanced IT Knowledge
  • Must have a good understanding of computer network development and maintenance, technology and products, solutions and architecture
  • Ability to conduct technological analyses and research
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Leadership and organizational abilities
  • Strategic thinking
  • Problem-solving aptitude
  • Strong motivational and leadership skills
  • Industry Knowledge
  • Knowledge of Russian and/or Ukrainian language will be an advantage

Salary:

Competitive

Applications

In order to apply for this role please send your CV by email: michael.iatsukha@sterlinglawyers.co.uk

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted for an interview.

About us

Sterling Law Group is based in London, United Kingdom.

Our practice areas cover a large variety of fields including immigration, employment law, all civil disputes, commercial, family and criminal law cases. We provide full-scope assistance to corporates and individuals safeguarding their legal rights and access to justice. Our clients are based both in London and internationally.

Sterling Law Group is comprised of Sterling & Law Associates LLP, Sterling Lawyers Ltd., Sterling and Beanland Limited and Sterling AI Solutions Ltd .

More details: sterling-law.co.uk

Our address: Fleet House, 8-12 New Bridge Street, London, EC4V 6AL, United Kingdom.

UK Visa Requirements: Who needs a visa to enter or transit the UK

The Home Office issued a guidance to help carriers check their passengers’ travel documents and decide whether a passenger needs a visa to enter or transit the United Kingdom. There are different UK visa rules applied for the airside and landside tansit passengers .

The lists below indicate the countries and territories of citizens who need a visa for the UK.

Airside Transit

Airside transit passengers are those who do not need to change airports and do not need to pass through the UK border. Passengers cannot transit ‘airside’ to the Republic of Ireland or anywhere within the common travel area.

Landside Transit

Landside transit passengers are those who need or wish to pass through the UK border and enter the UK (for example, to change airport, to collect baggage or arrive at airports where no airside transfer is possible).

AIRSIDE: Transit without UK visa (TWOV)

All visa nationals seeking to transit the United Kingdom ‘airside’ without a visa must:

  • arrive and depart by air
  • have a confirmed onward flight departing the same day from the same airport
  • hold the correct documents for their destination (for example, a visa for that country if required)

Nationals of the countries and territories who need a visa to enter or transit the UK listed below need a visa to transit ‘airside’ unless they hold one of the following:

  1. a valid visa for entry to Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA (whether or not the holder is travelling to or from these countries).
  2. a visa for entry to Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA as part of a reasonable journey from the country in respect of which the visa is held and it is less than 6 months since the holder last entered that country with a valid entry visa.
  3. a valid permanent residence permit issued by:
  • Australia
  • Canada, issued after 28 June 2002
  • New Zealand
  • USA issued after 21 April 1998; or a valid US Immigrant visa endorsed with a US arrival stamp (a wet-ink/ADIT stamp version will not be accepted by UK border control); or an expired I-551 Permanent Residence card provided it is accompanied by a valid I-797 letter authorising extension; or a standalone US Immigration Form 155A/155B (attached to a sealed brown envelope)

4. a valid common format residence permit issued by an EEA state or Switzerland

5. a valid common format category D visa for entry to an EEA state or Switzerland

6. a valid Irish biometric visa endorsed BC or BC BIVS (in order to transit to a destination other than the Republic of Ireland or the Common Travel Area)

7. a valid Schengen Approved Destination Scheme (ADS) group tourism visa where the holder is travelling to the country that issued it

8. a valid airline ticket from the Schengen area; provided the holder can demonstrate they entered there no more than 30 days previously on the basis of a valid Schengen ADS visa

E-visas or e-residence permits are not acceptable unless the airline is able to verify it with the issuing country.

LANDSIDE: Transit without UK visa (TWOV)

All visa nationals seeking to transit the United Kingdom ‘landside’ without a visa must:

  • arrive and depart by air
  • have a confirmed onward flight that departs before 23:59 the following day
  • hold the correct documents for their destination (for example, a visa for that country if required)

Nationals of the countries and territories who need a visa to enter or transit the UK listed below need a visa to transit ‘landside’ unless they hold one of the following:

  1. a valid visa for entry to Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA and a valid airline ticket via the UK as part of a reasonable journey to that country
  2. a valid visa for entry to Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA and a valid airline ticket via the UK as part of a reasonable journey from that country
  3. a visa for entry to Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA as part of a reasonable journey from the country in respect of which the visa is held and it is less than 6 months since the holder last entered that country with a valid entry visa
  4. a valid permanent residence permit issued by:
  • Australia (b)
  • Canada, issued after 28 June 2002 (c)
  • New Zealand (d)
  • USA issued after 21 April 1998; or a valid US Immigrant visa endorsed with a US arrival stamp (a wet-ink/ADIT stamp version will not be accepted by UK border control); or an expired I-551 Permanent Residence card provided it is accompanied by a valid I-797 letter authorising extension; or a standalone US Immigration Form 155A/155B (attached to a sealed brown envelope)

5. a valid common format residence permit issued by an EEA state or Switzerland

6. a valid common format category D visa for entry to an EEA state or Switzerland

7. a valid Irish biometric visa endorsed BC or BC BIVS and travelling to the Republic of Ireland

8. an Irish biometric visa endorsed BC or BC BIVS and travelling FROM the Republic of Ireland provided it is less than 3 months since the holder last entered there

E-visas or e-residence permits are not acceptable for landside transit.

The decision to allow a passenger to transit without a visa (TWOV) under the scheme is decided by an immigration officer at the UK border.

UK permanent residents

If a visa national is permanently resident in the UK they do not need a visa, as long as they return to the UK within 2 years of their last departure.

Passengers with the right of abode in the UK

If a visa national has a ‘certificate of entitlement to the right of abode’ label in their valid passport they do not need a UK visa.

Holders of non-national and refugee travel documents

  • If the passenger holds a refugee travel document issued by the UK they do not need a visa.
  • If the passenger holds any other non-national or refugee travel document they need a visa to enter the UK.
  • Whether holders of non-national and refugee travel documents require a direct airside transit visa (DATV) depends on their original nationality, and whether they qualify for one of the exemptions listed above. Persons recognised as stateless under the 1954 UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons are not required to hold a DATV and may transit airside without a visa.

Nationals of countries and territories who need a visa to enter or transit the UK

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Burma (Myanmar)
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • China (People’s Republic of) 1
  • Congo
  • Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
  • Cyprus (northern part of) 2
  • Egypt
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • India 3
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ivory Coast
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Kosovo
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Macedonia (F.Y.R of)
  • Malawi
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Nepal
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Palestinian Territories
  • Rwanda
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia 2
  • South Africa 4
  • South Sudan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • Syria 5
  • Tanzania
  • Turkey 4
  • Uganda
  • Venezuela (non biometric)
  • Vietnam 3 4
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Nationals of the countries and territories who need a visa to enter or transit the UK landside

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain 6
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African
  • Republic of Chad
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Cuba
  • Djibouti
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Fiji
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Indonesia 4
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kuwait 7
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Laos
  • Madagascar (Malagasy)
  • Malawi
  • Mauritania
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Niger
  • Oman 7
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Qatar 7
  • Russia
  • Sao Tome e Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Surinam
  • Taiwan 8
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates 7
  • Uzbekistan
  • Venezuela (biometric)
  • Zambia

Seamen

A seaman travelling on duty, who is a visa national (including those in transit through the UK) does not need a UK visa if he holds a valid seaman’s book issued by one of these countries which also contains a statement that it is issued under ILO108 (or convention of 1958) or ILO185, having previously ratified ILO108 (or convention of 2003):

  • Algeria
  • Anguilla
  • Angola
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Azerbaijan
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Isles
  • Bulgaria
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cuba
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Estonia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Liberia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Norway
  • Panama
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • The Russian Federation
  • Seychelles
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Sweden
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom (including the Falkland Islands and Gibraltar)
  • Uruguay

A seaman does not need to be a national of the country that issued the document.

NOTES:

  1. Holders of diplomatic passports do not require a visa. Service passport holders may transit without a visa. Holders of a public affairs passport may not transit without a visa. Service and public affairs passport holders do not require a visa if travelling with a serving Chinese government minister on an official visit to the UK. 
  2. Passport not recognised by HM Government – the visa should be issued on a uniform format form (UFF).  2
  3. Holders of diplomatic or official passports may transit without a UK visa.  2
  4. Holders of diplomatic passports do not require a visa for official visits, tourist visits or transit.  2 3 4
  5. Holders may not use a B1/B2 USA visa to transit the UK. 
  6. Holders of diplomatic and special passports do not require a UK visa for official visits, tourist visits or transit. 
  7. Holders of diplomatic and special passports do not require a visa for official visits, tourist visits or transit. Holders of ordinary passports do not require a visa if they hold a valid electronic visa waiver (EVW) document.  2 3 4
  8. Passports that include a personal ID number on the biodata page are exempt from the visa requirement. 

UK Airports – Contact details

Area Telephone
Belfast Airport +44 28 944 84323
Birmingham Airport +44 121 606 7357/7368
Bournemouth +44 1202 579233
Bristol Airport +44 1275 472 843
Cardiff +44 1446 712920
East Midlands Airport +44 1332 442050
Edinburgh Airport +44 131 3443113
Exeter Airport +44 1392 366492
Gatwick Airport +44 1293 501880
Glasgow Airport +44 141 847 5300
Harwich Docks +44 1255 509700
Heathrow Airport Terminal 2 +44 20 8929 3824/25
Heathrow Airport Terminal 3 +44 20 8745 6920/21
Heathrow Airport Terminal 4 +44 20 8745 4740
Heathrow Airport Terminal 5 +44 20 8196 2490
Leeds Bradford Airport +44 113 391 1920
Liverpool Airport +44 151 448 1448
London City Airport +44 20 7055 5912
Luton Airport +44 1582 878700
Manchester Airport Terminal 1 +44 161 489 2456
Manchester Airport Terminal 2 +44 161 489 6001
Manchester Airport Terminal 3 +44 161 489 2399
Newcastle Airport +44 191 214 4580 / 4582
Newhaven Docks +44 1273 865936
Norwich +44 1603 268960
Plymouth +44 1752 689200
Poole +44 1202 634555
Prestwick +44 01292 478675
Portsmouth Docks +44 2392 952749
Robin Hood Airport +44 1302 522300
Southampton Airport +44 23 8062 7107
Southend Airport +44 1702 538574
Stansted Airport +44 1279 338809
CARRIERS LIAISON SECTION
HOME OFFICE
TEL: +44 20 3014 8282 (FAX 8221)
E-mail: CarriersLiaisonSection@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Other updates:

Illegality of Employment Contracts

Employment Rights

Changes to the Immigration Rules 2018

UK Visa Fees 2018 

New Fees: British Passport Applications

Apostille and Document Certification in London

How to Apply for British Passport Online 

Case Studies & Successful Cases 


UK Immigration & Legal Assistance

For expert advice and assistance in relation to your particular immigration case and to enquire about the immigration and legal fees, please contact our immigration lawyers on Tel. +44(0) 20 7822 8599, Mobile / Viber: +44 (0) 73 0584 8477, e-mail: contact@sterling-law.co.uk or via our online appointment booking form.