Oksana Demyanchuk acted successfully in a complex human rights case involving insurmountable obstacles to family life outside the United Kingdom.
The client is a Ukrainian national who initially applied for Leave to Remain in the UK on the basis of her partner and private life. The application was subsequently refused by the Home Office and appealed to the Immigration Tribunal.
During the appeal process, the client (Appellant) had to show that there were insurmountable obstacles if she and her partner had to continue their family life outside the UK as well as a breach of her and her partner’s human rights.
As the Appellant had a successful appeal and was consequently granted leave to remain in the UK, her circumstances help to define what insurmountable obstacles would amount to.
The immigration Judge explained that insurmountable obstacles mean that the Appellant and her partner would be faced with very significant difficulties if they had to continue their family life outside of the UK, which could not be overcome or would entail very serious hardship for either the Appellant or her partner.
Her partner entered the UK lawfully as a student, lived in the UK for a period of over 19 years and has indefinite leave to remain. He held consistent employment throughout this time and bought a property where he lives with the Appellant and their children. On top of this, her partner recently underwent serious heart surgery, and was still recovering. The Appellant’s main responsibility was caring for her partner. Additionally, the Appellant plays a strong role in the upbringing of her grandchildren. It is therefore accepted that the Appellant has a close family unit within the UK.
Moreover, it is noted that the Appellant does not hold any property in Ukraine, nor does she have any immediate family, friends or neighbours in Ukraine. It can be seen that the Appellant has taken on a strong role as a carer within the family. In the case of Beoku-Betts  UKHL 39, it was stated that when deciding an appeal on human rights grounds, it is important to take into consideration the effect that the decision would have on other family members with respect to their family life. In regard to this, strong considerations were made on the best interests of the children involved, specifically the Appellant’s grandchildren.
Additionally, the Appellant proved that she is able to speak and communicate in English. The Appellant does not and has never claimed state benefits. Furthermore, by allowing her to stay in the UK to take care of her partner, her partner would not have to seek help from social and health services thus helping to reduce the strain on public services. It should be noted that she is the only member of her family with an illegal status in the UK, the remainder of her family unit holds the legal right to remain and reside in the UK.
For this reason, it was acknowledged that our client and the family members would face extremely serious hardships if she was forced to return to Ukraine. Our client would have no employment, home, friends and family and thus have significant obstacles in reintegration back in her country of origin. Moreover, our client’s partner and the entire family unit would suffer without the care of the Appellant.
The appeal was allowed by the First-tier Tribunal under the Immigration Rules and the European Convention on Human Rights (1950).
This successful appeal ensures that our client will not be torn away from her partner and will now be able to stay in the UK with her partner.
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